Case 1: Fake police cheated NT$1,060,000 from an old lady
Mrs. Chen, living in New Taipei City, received a phone call from someone who claimed to be police officer Zhou Ming-shun of Taipei City Police Department. Zhou falsely accused her as an "accomplice to fraud" and demanded her to deposit her saving to a "national security account". She immediately remitted NT$1,060,000 but did not receive any further response from Zhou for the next 10 days. She made an inquiry to the post office and found it was a scam.
In this case, Zhou pretended as a police officer taking advantage of public trust in police and the panic of a “victim” being told of involvement in a criminal case.
Case 2: False advertisement to cheat young people
A fraud group put up advertisements to solicit public relations men. The company was magnificently decorated and staffed with many errand boys to serve at the General Manager's Office and Supervisor’s Office. Targeting at college students and servicemen, the fraud syndicate said to train all the job seekers by a very good education system and lured them to sign contracts and deposit down payment and documents. Many job seekers handed out even the small changes from their pocket, only to discover later that they were fooled.
In this case, the fraud group used its legal corporate entity to cover up its illegal recruitment activity. Taking advantage of ignorance and inexperience of newly graduates, college students, and military servicemen, the gangsters cheated relevant documents and deposit out of those job seekers who before the interview had failed to learn of the company’s internal conditions and nature of the business or check the company’s real identity with the relevant government units.
Fraud cases emerge in new forms all the time but their contents always remain the same: making use of human greed, lack of guard, irrationality, worry and fear. Thus, “three C principles” are recommended for fraud prevention:
1. Calm down: There is no free lunch. What the criminals try to manipulate is human greed and fear. Calm yourself down when facing a windfall or an emergency.
2. Check it out: Be careful. When you receive a suspicious message, do check it out and verify it duly. Confirm! Confirm! Reconfirm!
3. Call 165:When you feel doubtful of a case, call the anti-fraud advice hotline 165 of the Criminal Police to seek advice.
Handling of fraud cases
If you receive any suspicious phone calls or if you suspect there is a dummy account, please call the report hotline 110. The police will analyze whether it is a fraud syndicate or not. When it is verified to be a fraud syndicate, its phone numbers will be listed as “fraud alert” numbers and its accounts as “fraud alert” accounts, so that the criminals can no longer use those phone numbers and accounts to trick other people.
Laws concerning frauds
1. Section 1 of Article 339 of Criminal Code: "A person who by fraud causes another to deliver to him property belonging to such other or to a third person for purpose to exercise unlawful control over other's property for himself or for a fourth person shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than five years or short-term imprisonment; in lieu thereof, or in addition thereto, a fine of not more than one thousand yuan(NTD) may be imposed."
Quasi-offenses of fraud: Article 341 of Criminal Code provides: "A person who takes advantage of the ignorance, inexperience, and obvious lack of distinguishing ability or the suffering of similar conditions caused by mental retardation, intellectual defect of another person who is under the age of twenty to cause him to deliver property belonging to such other or to a third person for purpose to exercise unlawful control over it for himself or for a third person shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than five years or short-term imprisonment; in lieu thereof, or in addition thereto, a fine of less than one thousand yuan(NTD) may be imposed.”